Brazil is one of the 10 largest economies in the world by GDP volume. With an area of 8,515,770 km2 and a population of 209,288,278 people, it is one of the most populous countries on the planet and, therefore, significant in terms of international transactions.
The Brazilian economy has been in recovery since 2003 and, today, it is one of the main economic engines in the region. This boom has been driven by an increase in the volume, price and international demand for raw materials, basically minerals, oil, coal and meat, which was accompanied by the entry of new capital and a set of structural reforms.
This improvement in the country’s trade figures has also been reflected in the import and export of goods to and from Brazil. Brazil is currently the 24th largest export economy in the world, with 191 billion dollars in 2016.
Imports to Brazil exceed 140 billion dollars
In terms of imports, despite a slight decrease that has been noticeable since 2011, Brazil imported 140 billion dollars worth of goods in 2016, making it the twenty-eighth largest importing country in the world. Oil refining, parts, spare parts, telephones, printed circuits and cars were the main imported materials, mainly from the United States, China, Germany, Argentina and Mexico.
Positive growth in e-commerce
E-commerce in Brazil continues its positive growth trend, ending 2017 with an 8% increase. With greater than 12% growth forecast for the e-commerce market in 2018, Brazil continues to offer outstanding opportunities for e-commerce from Europe and Latin America.
Formalities and Documentation Required for Importation
The formalities and documents necessary for the import of goods into Brazil will depend on the purpose, nature and value of the goods; they may be imported by formal, informal or postal means.
Informal or postal clearance allows the importation of goods with a value not exceeding US$3,000 through simplified procedures. Goods that exceed this value or that are subject to the control of a customs agency (ANVISA, INMETRO, CNEN, MDIC, IBAMA, etc.), must be presented for clearance through the formal import procedure, and meet the entry requirements applicable to the type of goods.
In the case of goods entering through the postal service, Customs Declaration CN22 or CN23 will be required for customs clearance, depending on the type of shipment, which already includes the description and value of the items. These documents are issued by the postal operator at origin with the information provided by the sender and presented for clearance at the destination by the local exchange bureau, together with postal transport documents CN37 or CN38.
Normally, in the case of postal shipments, the local exchange bureau performs the clearance procedures before Customs on behalf of the importer, through an agile and simplified procedure enabled for this type of shipment. If you need more information on the advantages of the postal service over other modes of shipping take a look at our post Advantages of the Postal Service for the Transport of E-commerce Goods.
When an import declaration is presented, the goods are classified and then pass through one of the following channels:
- Green: the System authorizes the release of the goods
- Yellow: the declaration is subjected to documentary examination, and, if no irregularity is found, the delivery of the goods is authorized.
- Red: the goods are only cleared and delivered to the importer after documentary examination, verification of the goods and preliminary analysis of the customs value.
- Gray: the goods are subjected to a documentary and physical examination and a preliminary analysis of the customs value.
Prohibited and Restricted Articles
Among the main items that are prohibited for import into this Latin American country by mail are the following: live animals, perishable goods, tobacco, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, etc. The restricted products include: some textile articles, depending on their composition; some paper or pulp products such as napkins and tampons; ceramic or glass products; optical fibers or contact lenses, electric guitars, art pieces and antiques, among others.
In the guide prepared by Cacesa on Customs Requirements for the Import of Postal Goods into Latin America, you will find the complete list of restricted and prohibited articles, and other requirements for the import of goods into these countries, including Brazil.
Import taxes and duties
Merchandise entering Brazil is subject to the payment of an import tax of 60% on the CIF value plus other taxes detailed in the Cacesa Ebook on this subject. Shipments with a customs value of US$50 or less, as well as books, magazines and newspapers are exempt from paying this tax.
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